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Natural Transformation, Artificial Transformation, Discovery Of Transformation

Transformation is one of three basic mechanisms for genetic exchange in bacteria. Transformation may be either a natural process—that is, one that has evolved in certain bacteria—or it may be an artificial process whereby the recipient cells are forced to take up DNA by a physical, chemical, or enzymatic treatment. In both cases, exogenous DNA (DNA that is outside the host cell), is taken into a recipient cell where it is incorporated into the recipient genome, changing the genetic makeup of the bacterium.

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Medicine EncyclopediaGenetics in Medicine - Part 4