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From Microorganisms To Human Dna, Applications, The Human Genome Project And Future Research

Genomics is a recent scientific discipline that strives to define and characterize the complete genetic makeup of an organism. Its primary approaches are to determine the entire sequence and structure of an organism's DNA (its genome) and then to determine how that DNA is arranged into genes. This second goal is accomplished by determining the structure and relative abundance of all messenger RNAs (mRNAs), the middlemen in genetics that encode individual proteins.

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Medicine EncyclopediaGenetics in Medicine - Part 2