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Psychiatric Disease in Relation to Physical Illness

The Global Burden Of Disease

Finally, Murray and Lopez, working with The World Health Organization and the World Bank, have described the "global burden of disease," as a reference to the death and disability for the six billion people on Earth. They found that heart disease, which is related to depression, was the most common cause of death; suicide was the twelfth (highest among elderly, white males); cirrhosis of the liver and lung disease were thirteenth and sixth, respectively (think of the role of drinking and smoking in mental illness). Major depression was found to be the most common disabling disease. The world's top three causes for DALYs (disability adjusted life year) were heart disease, major depression, and stroke. These findings show how important psychiatric disease is in relation to physical illness worldwide.



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MURRAY, C. J. L., and LOPEZ, A. D., eds. The Global Burden of Disease: A Comprehensive Assessment of Mortality and Disability from Diseases, Injuries and Risk Factors in 1990 and Projected to 2020. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1996.

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WEISSMAN, M. M.; BLAND, R. C.; CANINO, G. J.; et al. "Cross National Epidemiology of Major Depression and Bipolar Disorder." Journal of the American Medical Association 276 (1996): 293–299.

Additional topics

Medicine EncyclopediaAging Healthy - Part 3Psychiatric Disease in Relation to Physical Illness - Epidemiology, The Clinical Conundrum, The Global Burden Of Disease