Dizziness - Treatment
Management of dizziness will depend upon the subtype and causes identified. Antivertigo medications, such antihistamines and others, can be used to treat the debilitating symptoms of vestibular neuronitis, such as nausea, vomiting, and the sensation of movement. These treatments should be used for short periods of time and withdrawn as soon as symptoms improve. Side effects of these medications include stomach upset, fatigue, and confusion. For benign positional vertigo, there is evidence that antivertigo medications may delay improvement. In this circumstance, vestibular desensitization, such as rapidly tilting the body from one side to the other, may alleviate symptoms. Meniere's disease is treated with salt restriction, diuretic therapy, surgery, or antivertigo medications. Most of these treatments have uncertain benefits and are generally recommended only for short-term use. Aspirin, or another medication with antiplatelet effect, is recommended for stroke-related vertigo.
Treatment of dizziness caused by presyncope involves identifying whether or not there is an underlying cause. Presyncope may be caused by medications that lower blood pressure or cause dehydration (diuretics), or by medical illnesses, such as blood loss or arrhythmias. In these cases the identified problem should be appropriately treated. Information about treating presyncope that is associated with a drop in blood pressure when standing can be found in the section on fainting.
In many instances, a single cause of dizziness will not explain the symptoms and the focus of treatment will involve correcting as many contributing problems as possible. Offending medications should be stopped, gradually decreased, or replaced. Correcting vision and optimizing health status may be helpful. Exercise and walking aids may ameliorate problems of balance.