Anatomy And Physiology, Continence Mechanisms, Causes Of Constipation, Laxatives, Suppositories And Enemas
Constipation is a very common presenting symptom in elderly people. There are two reasons for this: (1) bowel function and defecation become less satisfactory with advancing years, since emptying may be incomplete and the presence of a small residue of feces may cause continuing discomfort; and (2) uncertainty as to what constitutes a normal bowel pattern may create anxieties about disease or other aspects of aging. Physicians often find that if they ask an elderly patient if he or she suffers from constipation, the answer will be "yes," even if the number of motions a week is within the normal range.
By constipation, patients may mean one of several things:
- • bowel motions are less frequent than they used to be
- • bowel motions are less frequent than they think that they ought to be
• bowel motions are hard and more difficult to pass
The first of these is important and requires some investigation. The second is problematical, since the normal range of frequency of defecation varies between three times daily and twice weekly. In general, this does not change with aging, though it may increase. The third is an effect of constipation itself.
- Consumer Directed Care - Which Services Do Consumers Direct?, What Does Service Management Involve?, History Of And Trends Toward Consumer-directed Care
- Congregate Housing - Why Supportive Housing?, The Federal Congregate Housing Services Program, Looking To The Future
- Constipation - Anatomy And Physiology
- Constipation - Continence Mechanisms
- Constipation - Causes Of Constipation
- Constipation - Laxatives, Suppositories And Enemas
- Other Free Encyclopedias