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Yeast Genetics, Genetic Transformation

Yeast are single-celled eukaryotic organisms related to fungi. The baker's yeast Saccahromyces cerevisiae and the distantly related Schizosaccharomyces pombe are favored model organisms for genetic research. The interest in yeast research stems from the fact that, as eukaryotic organisms, the sub-cellular organization of yeast is similar to that of cells of more complex organisms. Thus, understanding how a particular gene functions in yeast frequently correlates to how similar genes function in mammals, including humans.

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Medicine EncyclopediaGenetics in Medicine - Part 4