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RNA - Molecular Structure, Synthesis, Function, Less Common Types Of Rna

Medicine EncyclopediaGenetics in Medicine - Part 4

Ribonucleic acid (RNA) molecules, which are linear chains (or polymers) of ribonucleotides, perform a number of critical functions. Many of these functions are related to protein synthesis. Some RNA molecules bring genetic information from a cell's chromosomes to its ribosomes, where proteins are assembled. Others help ribosomes translate genetic information to assemble specific sequences of amino acids.

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