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Population Genetics

Gene Pool And Genetic Structure, Hardy-weinberg Theorem, Genetic Drift

Population genetics is the study of the genetic structure of populations, the frequencies of alleles and genotypes. A population is a local group of organisms of the same species that normally interbreed. Defining the limits of a population can be somewhat arbitrary if neighboring populations regularly interbreed. All the humans in a small town in the rural United States could be defined as a population, but what about the humans in a suburb of Los Angeles? They can interbreed directly with nearby populations, and, indirectly, with populations extending continuously north and south for a hundred or more miles. In addition, a large human population often consists of subpopulations that do not readily interbreed because of differences in education, income, and ethnicity. Despite these complexities, one can make some simple definitions.

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Medicine EncyclopediaGenetics in Medicine - Part 3