less than 1 minute read


Iq Tests, Environmental Effects On Intelligence, Expanded Concepts Of Intelligence, Family, Twin, And Adoption Studies

The roles of genes and environment in the determination of intelligence have been controversial for more than 100 years. Studies of the question have often been marred by untested assumptions, poor design, and even racism, faults that more modern studies have striven to avoid. Nonetheless, examining the biology of intelligence is an enterprise that continues to be fraught with difficulty, and there remains no real consensus even on how to define the term.

Additional topics

Medicine EncyclopediaGenetics in Medicine - Part 2