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Eukaryotic Chromosome

Basic Organization, Higher-order Organization, Heterochromatin Versus Euchromatin, Cytological Features, Polytene Chromosomes

Living organisms are divided into two broad categories based upon certain attributes of cell structure. The first category, the prokaryotes, includes bacteria and blue-green algae. Eukaryotes include most other living organisms. One of the most important features distinguishing eukaryotes from prokaryotes is the chromosomal arrangement of genetic information in the cells. Eukaryotes enclose their genetic material in a specialized compartment called the nucleus. Prokaryotes lack nuclei.

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Medicine EncyclopediaGenetics in Medicine - Part 1