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Ethical Issues

Like all industries, the biotechnology industry is subject to rules and regulations. Legal, social, and ethical concerns have been raised by the ability to genetically alter organisms. These have resulted in the establishment of governmental guidelines for the performance of biotechnology research, and specific requirements have been set to control the introduction of recombinant DNA products into the marketplace. General governmental guidelines for biotech research are published on the Internet at http://www.aphis.usda.gov/biotech/OECD/usregs.htm. Guidelines for plant genetic engineering and biotechnology are available at http://sbc.ucdavis.edu/Outreach/resource/US_gov.htm.

Dennis N. Luck


Glick, Bernard R., and Jack J. Pasternak. Molecular Biotechnology: Principles and Applications of Recombinant DNA. Washington, DC: ASM Press, 1998.

Marx, Jean L. A Revolution in Biotechnology. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press, 1989.

Primrose, S. B. Molecular Biotechnology. Boston: Blackwell Scientific Publications, 1991.

Rudolph, Frederick B., and Larry V. McIntire, eds. Biotechnology: Science, Engineering, and Ethical Challenges for the Twenty-first Century. Washington, DC: Joseph Henry Press, 1996.

Before Captain James Cook, the famous English sailor and navigator, had his men drink lime juice (which contains vitamin C) during extended sea voyages, many sailors fell ill or died of the vitamin C deficiency known as scurvy.

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Medicine EncyclopediaGenetics in Medicine - Part 1Biotechnology - A Revolution In Biology, Vitamin C, Laundry Detergents, Other Examples, Ethical Issues