Like all industries, the biotechnology industry is subject to rules and regulations. Legal, social, and ethical concerns have been raised by the ability to genetically alter organisms. These have resulted in the establishment of governmental guidelines for the performance of biotechnology research, and specific requirements have been set to control the introduction of recombinant DNA products into the marketplace. General governmental guidelines for biotech research are published on the Internet at http://www.aphis.usda.gov/biotech/OECD/usregs.htm. Guidelines for plant genetic engineering and biotechnology are available at http://sbc.ucdavis.edu/Outreach/resource/US_gov.htm.
SEE ALSO AGRICULTURAL BIOTECHNOLOGY; BIOTECHNOLOGY AND GENETIC ENGINEERING, HISTORY OF; CLONING GENES; CLONING ORGANISMS; GENE THERAPY; GENETIC TESTING; GENETICALLY MODIFIED FOODS; HEMOPHILIA; POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION; RECOMBINANT DNA; TRANSGENIC ANIMALS; TRANSGENIC MICROORGANISMS; TRANSGENIC PLANTS.
Dennis N. Luck
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