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Reality Orientation

Treatment Approach, Use With Individuals With Dementia, Empirical Evidence

Reality Orientation (RO) is a general philosophy of inpatient treatment for reducing confusion in geriatric patients. According to its philosophy, confusion results from (a) understimulation of the patient, (b) care providers’ lack of insistence or expectation that the patient perform normal behaviors, and (c) care providers’ nonreinforcement of desired behaviors when they are performed (Taulbee and Folsom; Folsom, 1968). It follows, therefore, that confusion can be reduced through mental stimulation, social interaction, and adjustment of behavioral contingencies.

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Medicine EncyclopediaAging Healthy - Part 4