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Human Factors - Conclusion

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Human factors engineering can be used to help design tasks, products, equipment, and environments to help accommodate an aging population. Research in this area has demonstrated the importance of attending to the needs of older people in system design, and also that training and design solutions can be beneficial for older people. The basic premise of human factors is that successful performance results from user-centered design and a fundamental understanding of user capabilities, needs, and preferences. Improving the health and quality of life of older people requires that knowledge of aging be applied to the design of products and environments.

SARA CZAJA CHIN CHIN LEE

BIBLIOGRAPHY

BALL, K., and OWSLEY, C. "Identifying Correlates of Accident Involvement for the Older Driver." Human Factors 33 (1991): 583–595.

CHARNESS, N. "Aging and Communication: Human Factors Issues." In Aging and Communication: Opportunities and Challenges of Technology. Edited by N. Charness, D. C. Park, and B. A. Sabel. New York: Springer, 2000.

CZAJA, S. J. Human Factors Research for an Aging Population. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Science Press, 1990.

CZAJA. S. J. "Ergonomics and Older Health Care for Older Adults." In The Encyclopedia of Care of Elderly. Edited by M. D. Mezey. New York: Springer, 2000.

CZAJA, S. J., and SHARIT, J. "Age Differences in Attitudes Towards Computers: The Influence of Task Characteristics." The Journals of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences 53B (1998): 329–340.

FISK, A. D. "Human Factors and the Older Adult." The Magazine of Human Factors Applications 7, no. 1 (1999): 8–13.

KALASKY, M. A.; CZAJA, S. J.; SHARIT, J.; and NAIR, S. N. "Is Speech Technology Robust for Older Populations?" Proceedings of the 43rd Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. (1999).

LAMBERT, L. D., and FLEURY, M. "Age, Cognitive Style, and Traffic Signs." Perceptual and Motor Skills 78 (1994): 611–624.

LAWTON, P. "Aging and the Performance of Home Tasks." Human Factors 32 (1990): 527–536.

ROGERS, W. A.; FISK, A. D.; MEAD, S.; WALKER, N.; and CABRERA, E. F. "Training Older Adults to Use Automatic Teller Machines." Human Factors 38 (1996): 425–433.

ROGERS, W. A.; MEYER, B.; WALKER, N.; and FISK, A. D. "Functional Limitations to Daily Living Tasks in the Aged: A Focus Group Analysis." Human Factors 40 (1998): 111–125.

SMITH, M. W.; CZAJA, S. J.; and SHARIT, J. "Aging, Motor Control, and the Performance of Computer Mouse Task." Human Factors 41 (1999): 389–397.

STAPLIN, L., and FISK, A. D. "A Cognitive Engineering Approach to Improve Signalized Left-Turn Intersections." Human Factors 33 (1991): 559–571.

U.S. Department of Transportation. Traffic Safety Facts. Washington, D.C.: National Center for Statistics and Analysis, 1994.

WALKER, N.; PHILBIN, D. A.; and FISK, A. D. "Age-Related Differences in Movement Control: Adjusting Submovement Structure to Optimize Performance." Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences 52B (1997): P40–P52.

HYPERTENSION

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