Other Free Encyclopedias » Medicine Encyclopedia » Aging Healthy - Part 1 » Cohort Change - Early Development Of The Concept Of Cohort, Examples Of Cohort Diversity, Net Change And Gross Change

Cohort Change - Challenges In Studying Cohort Change

age aging social differences social age aging press

In trying to disentangle the various clocks that govern aging, careful conceptualization, rich data, and advanced analytic techniques are all essential. Because of the tendency to use chronological time as the measure for all the various clocks, ambiguous results are often produced: Cohort and period differences become confounded in trend data because different cohorts are compared in different historical periods; age and cohort differences are confounded in cross-sectional data because people who share cohort membership are also the same age; and age and period effects are confounded in intra-cohort trend data because people age into new historical periods.

The key to understanding the linkage between cohort change and social change will be an explanation of how a shared common understanding—a shared social consciousness—is created by cohort members, and how this understanding resembles or contradicts that of earlier cohorts or same-aged people of a different mind.



ELDER, G. H., JR. Children of the Great Depression: Social Change in Life Experience. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1974.

ELDER, G. H., JR. "Age Differentiation and the Life Course." Annual Review of Sociology, 1 (1975): 165–190.

ELDER, G. H., JR. "Perspectives on the Life Course." In Life Course Dynamics: Trajectories and Transitions 1968–1980. Edited by G. H. Elder, Jr. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1985. Pages 23–45.

FIREBAUGH, G., and HAYNIE, D. L. "Using Repeated Surveys to Study Aging and Social Change." In Studying Aging and Social Change: Conceptual and Methodological Issues. Edited by M. A. Hardy. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage, 1997. Pages 148–163.

GLENN, N. D. "Aging and Conservatism." Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 415 (1974): 176–186.

GLENN, N. D. "Cohort Analysts' Futile Quest: Statistical Attempts to Separate Age, Period, and Cohort Effects." American Sociological Review 41 (1976): 900–904.

GLENN, N. D., and GRIMES, MICHAEL. "Aging, Voting, and Political Interest." American Sociological Review 33 (1968): 563–575.

GLENN, N. D., and ZODY, R. E. "Cohort Analysis with National Survey Data." The Gerontologist, 10 (1970): 233–240.

KREFT, I., and DE LEEUW, J. Introducing Multilevel Modeling. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage, 1998.

MANHEIM, K. "The Problem of Generations." In Essays in the Sociology of Knowledge. Edited by P. Kecskemeti. Boston: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1952. (Original work published in 1927).

MARSHALL, V. W. "The State of Theory in the Social Sciences." In Handbook of Aging and the Social Sciences, 4th ed. Edited by R. H. Binstock and L. K. George. New York: Academic Press, 1996.

PARSONS, T. The Social System. New York: Free Press, 1951.

RILEY, M. W. "Aging and Cohort Succession: Interpretations and Misinterpretations." Public Opinion Quarterly 37 (1973): 35–49.

RILEY, M. W. "On the Significance of Age in Sociology." American Sociological Review 52 (1987): 1–14.

RILEY, M. W.; JOHNSON, M.; and FONER, A. Aging and Society, Vol. 3: A Sociology of Age Stratification. New York: Russell Sage, 1972.

ROSOW, I. "What is a Cohort and Why?" Human Development 21 (1978): 65–75.

RYDER, N. B. "The Cohort as a Concept in the Study of Social Change." American Sociological Review 30 (1965): 843–361.

TUMA, N. B., and HANNAN, M. T. Social Dynamics: Models and Methods. San Diego: Academic Press, 1984.

U.S. Bureau of the Census. Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1999. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1999.



[back] Cohort Change - Net Change And Gross Change

User Comments

The following comments are not guaranteed to be that of a trained medical professional. Please consult your physician for advice.

Your email address will be altered so spam harvesting bots can't read it easily.
Hide my email completely instead?

Cancel or