Other Free Encyclopedias » Medicine Encyclopedia » Genetics in Medicine - Part 1 » Chaperones - Discovery Of Chaperones, Recognizing And Correcting Mistakes, Two Common Chaperone Systems: Hsp70 And Hsp60

Chaperones - Recognizing And Correcting Mistakes

proteins folding protein molecular

Careful study, both in vivo and in the test tube, has demonstrated that molecular chaperones bind to their non-native substrate proteins by recognizing exposed non-polar surfaces ("non-polar" means that they are not attracted to water). In correctly folded proteins, these surfaces are usually buried away from the watery environment surrounding the protein. Chaperones promote correct folding of their substrate proteins by unfolding incorrect polypeptide chain conformations, and, in some cases, by providing a sequestered environment in which correct protein folding can occur. The activity of chaperones often requires the binding and hydrolysis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP).

Although only 20 to 30 percent of polypeptide chains require the assistance of a chaperone for correct folding under normal growth conditions, molecular chaperones are absolutely required for cell viability. Discussed Chaperones use energy from ATP to help misfolded proteins refold properly. below are a few of the most common classes of molecular chaperones and their effects on protein folding in the cell.

Chaperones - Two Common Chaperone Systems: Hsp70 And Hsp60 [next] [back] Chaperones - Discovery Of Chaperones

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