Other Free Encyclopedias » Medicine Encyclopedia » Genetics in Medicine - Part 1

Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome - Sexual Development, Testosterone And Its Receptor, The Consequences Of Androgen Insensitivity, The Androgen Receptor Gene And Protein

chromosome genetic male ais female extent

Androgen insensitivity syndrome (AIS) is a disorder caused by mutation of the gene for the androgen receptor. This protein binds testosterone and regulates the expression of other genes that stimulate male sexual development. Testosterone is the principal male androgen. AIS is an X-linked recessive disorder that completely or partially prevents development of male sexual characteristics despite the presence of the Y chromosome. Thus, the phenotype of a person with AIS, typified by female or ambiguous sexual characteristics, is at odds with the genotype, which includes the presence of both the X and Y, or male-determining, chromosomes.

The extent of the syndrome ranges from complete androgen insensitivity and development of normal external (but not internal) female sexual anatomy, to partial insensitivity, with altered or ambiguous male or female genitals, to mild insensitivity, with normal male genitals, enlarged breasts, and possibly impotence. Treatments depend on the extent of the syndrome, and may include hormone therapy, surgery, and psychological counseling. Gene testing and genetic counseling are available for families with affected members.

Antibiotic Resistance - Mechanisms Of Resistance, Resistance And Public Health [next] [back] Ames Test

User Comments

The following comments are not guaranteed to be that of a trained medical professional. Please consult your physician for advice.

Your email address will be altered so spam harvesting bots can't read it easily.
Hide my email completely instead?

Cancel or