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Migration and Geographic Distribution - Conclusion

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In any particular year, older people are much less likely than younger adults to change their place of residence. Further, the annual proportion of people age sixty-five and over who make an interstate move has not increased since the mid–twentieth century, and in 2000 was only about 1 percent. The typical experience of older people is to age in the same community and in the same house that they lived in prior to reaching old age. When older people do make interstate moves, they often follow well-established streams of migration to particular destinations. Retirement migrants from the Northeast tend to settle in the South Atlantic states; those from the Midwest more often head to states in the Southwest. These retirement migrants tend to have a positive impact on the communities they move into.

PETER UHLENBERG

BIBLIOGRAPHY

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FREY, W. H. "Elderly Demographic Profiles of U.S. States: Impacts of 'New Elderly Births,' Migration, and Immigration." The Gerontologist 35 (1995): 761–770.

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LONGINO, C. F. "Geographic Distribution and Migration." In Handbook of Aging and the Social Sciences, 5th ed. Edited by R. H. Binstock and L. K. George. San Diego: Academic Press, 2000. Pages 103–124.

LONGINO, C. F. Retirement Migration in America. Houston, Tex.: Vacation Publications, 1998.

MCHUGHES, K. E., and MINGS, R. C. "The Circle of Migration: Attachment to Place in Aging." Annals of the Association of American Geographers (1996): 530–550.

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SILVERSTEIN, M., and ZABLOTSKY, D. L. "Health and Social Precursors of Later Life Retirement-Community Migration." Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences 51 (1996): S150–S156.

STOLLER, E. P., and LONGINO, C.F. "'Going Home' or 'Leaving Home'? The Impact of Person and Place Ties on Anticipated Counterstream Migration." The Gerontologist 41 (2001): 96–102.

U.S. Census Bureau. The 65 Years and Over Population: 2000. (Census 2000 Brief). Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2000.

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U.S. Census Bureau. Current Population Reports: Geographic Mobility. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2001.

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